How to Get Finnish Citizenship?

Wondering how to get Finnish citizenship?

If you wonder how to get Finnish citizenship, then this guide is for you. We have compiled all the methods you can follow to get this citizenship. Of course, you need to meet the requirements and submit your application to the relevant institutions.

There are three methods you can prefer to get Finnish citizenship. These are through an application, declaration, and by birth. We are going to provide detailed information about each method. We also would like to note that the Finnish government allows dual citizenship.

This means that you can be a citizen of two countries at the same time and enjoy the privileges of both. So, let’s check out these methods you can prefer.

How to Acquire Finnish Citizenship by Birth?

Unfortunately, if you are reading this guide, you will not be eligible to benefit from this method. However, if you are expecting a baby and you want your baby to be a Finnish citizen, you are going to find valuable information here.

Any newborn whose mother or father is Finnish and are married, automatically acquires Finnish citizenship. Of course, the child must be born in Finland to benefit from this opportunity.

However, your child can still acquire Finnish citizenship, even if you will give birth in another country, which we will discuss in the following section. This method is called acquiring Finnish citizenship by declaration.

How to Acquire Finnish Citizenship by Declaration?

Anyone can acquire Finnish citizenship by declaration unless they meet the following requirements. These requirements are;

  • Being a Nordic citizen
  • Being a former Finnish citizen
  • Children born abroad and one of the parents is Finnish and parents are officially married
  • Children who are adopted and between 12 and 17 years old
  • Young people who lived in Finland for more than 5 years without interruption and between 18 and 22 years old.

Nordic citizens, i.e., the citizens of Sweden, Norway, Iceland, and Denmark, can acquire Finnish citizenship when they live in Finland for more than five years without interruption. Of course, they should not be imprisoned in Finland.

Nordic citizens who do not meet the above-mentioned requirements can still apply for Finnish citizenship after living in Finland for two years. If you used to be Finnish but had to give up on your rights, you can always acquire Finnish citizenship by simply declaring. You do not have to live in the country either.

How to get Finnish Citizenship by Living in the Country?

Anyone who is older than 18 years old and has lived in Finland for more than 5 years can apply for Finnish citizenship. Those who have been living in Finland for 7 years or more since they were 15 years old are also eligible to apply for citizenship.

In addition to this, applicants who are fluent in Finnish or Swedish can also apply for citizenship after living for four years in the country. Just like in all countries, you need to have a clean criminal record to be granted citizenship.

Moreover, you need to provide the necessary proof that you can sustain a standard living with your current income, have decent oral and written Finnish or Swedish skills. Depending on your disability, you can also prove that you have similar skills in Swedish or Finnish sign language.

Many agencies offer consultancy services to assist you during the application. Although it is not a must to work with such agencies, they can facilitate the application processes for you.

If you are interested, you can read our article about “Finnish Citizens and the Three-year Rule“ by clicking on the highlighted link.